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გალაკტიონის პარადიგმული სახეები
giamurgulia

N namdvili poeziisadmi formaluri midgoma yovelTvis garkveuli pirobiTobaa. Ees azri miTumetes sworia, Tu mxedvelobaSi galaktionis Semoqmedeba gvaqvs. Aar arsebobs aranairi formula, romelic misi poeziis arss mogvaxelTebinebs, rac, rogorc Zveli qarTveli ityoda, “suliTa xolo sacnaur ars” da eniT gamouTqmelia. Bbevri amaod daSvra, roca ecada galaktioni “sityvebis tyveobaSi” moeqcia – Zalian xSirad es ubralod zeaweuli qebaTa-qeba gamosula da sxva araferi.

  SeuZlebelia vinmem Tqvas: “galaktioni, ai, es aris”.

  ra “es”? rogori “es”?

 gana SesaZlebelia WeSmariti poeziis erTmniSvnelovani, mxolod garkveul sibrtyeze moazreba? cxadia, SeiZleba, magram es arasrulfasovani Sefaseba da aRqma iqneba.

  namdvili poezia cxovrebis, gnebavT – samyaros saidumlos, misi Sinagani azris igiveobrivi ar aris, magram masaviT “mTelia” da ara ubralod “nawili”. Nnamdvili mxatvruli qmnileba “sferoa” da ara “sibrtye” – masze erTmniSvnelovnad laparaki ar Rirs, drois fuWi xarjvaa.

 Tuki “mTelisa” da “nawilis” magaliTs mivubrundebiT, erTic unda vTqvaT: maRali rangis poeziaSi calkeuli saxeebi iseTi nawilebia, romlebic mTelis  “WeSmariti intensivobiT” cxovroben; es is saxeebia, romlebic abstraqtul mTels warmoaCenen konkretul nawilSi. idealur mTels forma ara aqvs (an adamianuri cnobiereba ver swvdeba mas), is wamierad cxaddeba konkretuli nawilis formaSi da WeSmariti Semoqmedis xelSi es wami maradisobad iqceva.

  galaktions bevri wami gaumaradiulebia.

 erTi kiTxvac davsvaT: marTla arsebobs poeturi sityvebi? Tu mxolod poeturi konteqsti arsebobs? SeiZleba sityvam azrobrivi garemo gaapoeturos, an piriqiT am garemom gaakeTilSobilos sityva?

  roca galaktionze vlaparakobT, amgvari kiTxvebi azrs kargavs – mis poeziaSi yvelaferi SesaZlebelia, aq qmnadoba aRemateba saganTa da ideaTa TavisTavadobas (Tumca ar “Seuracxyofs” am TavisTavadobas, ki ar “Slis” mas, aramed “amaRlebs”). Mamadac ambobs galaktioni leqsSi “Semoqmedeba”:

“o, uZlevelo dido wamo

 Semoqmedebis,

 exla yvelafers... yvelafers vqmni

 axali RmerTi! ”

sityvebiT axal samyaros qmnis “axali RmerTi”.

magram rani arian sityvebi galaktionTan? ra aris es – saSualeba Tu mizani?

 Ggalaktionis poeziaSi sityva saSualebacaa da mizanic! AaRmatebul SemoqmedebaSi sityva ver daknindeba, is ar SeiZleba leqs-SenobaSi “agurad” darCes – aq yvelaferi erTs sZens azrs da erTi – yvelafers, am erTis gareSe yvelaferi arafrad iqceva da swored is “zogadi erTi” aqcevs arafers yvelafrad. es is wamia, rodesac winadadebebidan poezia ibadeba.

aqvs Tu ara (Tu “hyavs”!?) galaktions sayvareli sityvebi?

vfiqrob, am kiTxvas dadebiTad unda vupasuxoT, metic TiTqmis yvela am    sityvas poeti paradigmul saxed aqcevs (paradigmatika erTi kacis Semoqmedebis masStabiTac arsebobs).

 Mmainc romlebia galaktionis sayvareli sityvebi.

  modiT gavixsenoT:

  dafna, yorani, Tovli, monasteri (taZari lavra), gveli, martooba, (obloba), qalwuli, kavkasioni (myinvari), sikvdili, zRva, sanTeli (naTele), udabno, cxeni (merani, raSi, taiWi), mTa, angelozi, marmarilo, foToli, simRera, efemera, qari (qariSxali, grigali), frTebi, tye, gemi (xomaldi, navi), vardi, Rame (SuaRame, saRamo), wvima, cecxli...

sworad werda Tamaz bibiluri:

“galaktionis danawevreba da sruli amokiTxva ar SeiZleba. is erTiania. nuravin daiwyebs Zebnas koWli riTmebisas an gulubryvilo striqonisas. is mTliani samyaroa da rogorc samyaroa ucnobi, rogorc samyaroSi ar viciT daniSnuleba yoveli idumali wertilisa, aseve galaktionTan ar viciT, risTvis arsebobs an is koWli riTma, an is gulubryvilo striqoni. rakiRa arsebobs, maSasadame, unda iarsebos”

oRond erTic aris: adamiani maSinac eZiebs, rodesac icis, rom verasodes miswvdeba. odindeli WeSmaritebaa _ Tavad am Ziebis gzaze vpoulobT xolme im WeSmaritebebs, romlebic miuwvdomel mizansac amarTleben da Cvens Zalisxmevasac.

ras niSnavs _ galaktionis “sayvareli sityva?” aseTi sityvebi mcire sarkmlebia poetis uzarmazar samyaroSi SesaWvreti; maT SemTxveviTobebs ver vuwodebT. galaktionTan aqcentirebuli sityvebi Cveni yuradRebis miRma ver darCeba _ maTSi raRac aris. Tu Cven vera, droTa ganmavlobaSi sxvebi amoxsnian maT saidumlos _ Cveni valia fiqri daviwyoT. fiqris dawyeba aranakleb mniSvnelovania fiqris dasrulebaze.

modiT, gadavSaloT galaktionis “rCeuli” da ramdenime zemonaxsenebi sityva movinaxuloT _ iq, uidumales samyaroSi, misi paradigmuli saxeebi gvelodebian, vin icis, iqneb imitomac, rom gza-kvali agvibnion, rogorc winaRobebma Zvel egviptur piramidebSi.

                                  dafna

dafna keTilsurnelovania, keTilsurneleba ki uZvelesi droidan RvTiurobis gamomxatvelia. dafnis surneli msWvalavs garemos keTilad mxedvelisaTvis, is “eqsoveba niavebs” da aTasgvarad mJRavndeba. es saxe, iseve rogorc nebismieri sxva, galaktionTan erTgvarovani, mxolod “calfad momzirali”, erTaderTi azris gamomxatveli ar aris. dafna nazicaa da mwvelic, galaktioni mas “poeziis laJvard cremliT” danamulsac warmogvidgens da maSinac, “ros meomars Subls umSvenebs”, moulodnelad “nilosis gvels” ukavSirebs, mere ki _ xanjlis farul mizans da yvelaferi es erT leqsSi (“dafna”) xdeba:

    “surneleba ZvelisZveli

eqsoveba niavebs,

poeziis laJvard cremliT

sveli dafnis foToli.

da ocneba mogonebas

iiT moaiavebs,

ros meomars Subls umSvenebs

neli dafnis foToli.

nilosis gvels uaresi,

misi Sxami iavebs,

ufro mZafrad dawuruli

mwveli dafnis foToli.

da xanjali xSirad farul

mizans uloliavebs,

odes xedavs poezias

neli dafnis foToli”

aq sagnis arsis wvdoma Cveulebriobis “Seuracxmyofelic” kia Tavisi amaRlebulobiTa da genialobiT _ galaktioni dafnis “saSualebiT” ki ar gviCvenebs movlenebs, aramed misi “TvalebiTa” da “SegrZnebiT” _ dafna “xedavs poezias”. es sicocxlis gadatana ki ar aris saganze, aramed Tavad cneba “sicocxlis” gafarToebaa.

“dafna” gvxvdeba Semdeg leqsebSi:

1.        usaTauro (“male fergadaSlili...”) : “gacocxldeba dafnari, mTis mwvervali, tyis piri da daivlis narnari gazafxulis zefiri”

2.        “guriis mTebi”:  ‘wyaro, kldeSi moCuxCuxe, wveTankara, viT cis vneba, dafnis buCqTa mwvane CarCos eomeba, exeTqeba”.

3.        “SiSveli”: “simaRle laJvardia, varskvlavTa simaRle, simaRle zambaxis! yeli gaqvT gediviT maRali da swori! oh, Tqvens Tmebs Sehferis dafna da ambori!”

4.        “auzisagan”: “Sen gelis dafna, Sen diadi dideba gelis”.

5.        “Tovli”: “Zvirfaso! vxedav... vxedav Sens xelebs, uRonod daxrils, TovlTa dafnaSi”.

  A

         aq dafna siwmindisa da umwikvlebis gansaxierebaa.

6.        “mgloviare serafimebi”: “dadafnul gzaze midiodi, viT keisari, Sens movlenaSi krToda cecxli uzenaesi”.

7.        “Tbilisi”: “...da kibeebze, viT vinietka, dafenilia dafnis foToli”.

8.        “martooba” : “upirvelesi momaniWes dafna mefeTa, im dRes movida TeTri Tovli da martooba”.

9.        “SoTa rusTaveli Savi zRvis pirad”: “...sadac dafnis tyeebia da mziuri forToxali... gadmovida moyme vinme, amayo da saxe mkrTali”.

10.      usaTauro (“afxazeTis wvima miyvars...”): “xma Srialebs dafnisa da lianis...”

11.       usaTauro (“am aTas cxraas ormocdaTormets”): “...rom Rirseulad vkrefT dafnis rtoebs, rom gavscdiT Zveli quCis iwroebs”...

12.      usaTauro (“rogor gacivda Tqveni ocneba...”): “Tqveni gza aRar daidafneba, samare mZime Tqveni sulisa mxolod siciviT aris mdidari”

      iqve: “arc dafnis rtoTa aris rtooba is sxva epoqam gadamikona”.

13.       usaTauro (“es adgilebi exlac nazia”...): “axalgazrdobis gza gambedavi dafnis rtoebiT iyo nagebi...”

galaktionisTvis, romelsac pirvelobis kanonierad gamZafrebuli SegrZneba hqonda, dafnis saxeba sruliad bunebrivi iyo.

yorani

am saxes, Cveulebriv, edgar pos poetur suliskveTebas ukavSireben da bediswerasTan aigiveben, Tumca am frinvelis idumal xatebas jer kidev warRvnis bibliuri ambavi inaxavs. garda bediswerisa, yorani ganasaxierebs “did uars” _ aSeuZleblobas; sxva SemTxvevaSi _ pirovnebis meore “me”-s (amgvar saxebas vxvdebiT, Tundac nikoloz baraTaSvilis “meranSi”, sadac orive ZiriTadi simbolo – meranica da yoranic - pirovnuli impulsia). ar unda daviviwyoT “yornis” is mniSvnelobac, roca is neitralur drosa da sivrces gamoxatavs, rac pirovnebis ganqarvebas, mis absolutSi danTqmas (cxovrebis azris gagebis gareSe) ukavSirdeba. am SemTxvevaSi es saxe amaoebis gansaxierebacaa. TiTqmis yvela am saxebas tanjvis gancdac axlavs.

magaliTebi galaktionis poeziidan:

  1. “Savi yorani”:

“gza gaviare...msurs movixedo

da davinaxo mTisa qedebi;

Savi yorani gzaze momCxavis:

“nu ixedebi...nu ixedebi!...

gadaifrina da momagona

dro, ubedobis gverdiT mxlebeli,

Jami _ yvelafris mqmnel_gardamqmneli,

Sivrce - yvelafris mimtevebeli”.

                           

  1. “me moval”:

“Zvirfaso, Zvirfaso,

bedi klavs Cems sxeuls,

   TvalebSi yornebis mqenjnian klanWebi...”

  1. “aTovda zamTris baRebs”:

“...mihqondaT kidev kubo...

yornebis saubari:

dareke! daubare!

aTovda zamTris baRebs”.

  1. “ramdenime dRe petrogradSi”:

“da yoraniviT ucnobis skripka

Cems mxarTan tiris uamindobas”

yorani _ idumaleba, gamoucnobloba (“yoraniviT ucnobi”).

iqve:

“da rogorc yorans daaqvs brWyalebiT

haerSi nazi xelebi qalis,_

simebi swewen SeuwyalebiT

am gagiJebas, vedrebas, xaliss”.

ყorani _ wameba mSvenieris , amaRlebulis.

  1. “TeTri pelikani”:

“gadmofrenas es yorani

madaTovze apirebs...”

  1. “aRar aris menestreli”:

“iyo irgvliv zianeba

da yornebis Cxavili

Tovlma silas mianeba

novalisis yvavili”.

  1. “yoranis cremlebi”:

“yorans cremliT umZims upe

rogorc Savi yvavili;

_daviRupe, daviRupe,_

ismis misi Cxavili.

nisli, wvima, TrTian gared

ubinao bavSvebi.

mecodeba viRac mwared

viRac xel-ganaSvebi:.

  1. “rad uwodeben saqarTvelos mgosanTa mxares”:

“...ikawreboda xalxis bediT baraTaSvili,

im xalxis, romels TvalbediTi sdevda yorani”.

Tovli

erT-erTi yvelaze metad gavrcelebuli saxe galaktionTan Tovlia _ “susxian qaris oini”, “yvavilT TeTri gundi”, “sicive”, “mkrTali xelebi”..._ CamoTvlas azri ara aqvs. galaktionis poeziaSi Tovlis “saxeobrivi mimoxra” usazRvroa!

magaliTebi:

  1. “araCveulebrivi zamTari 1911 wels”:

“baTumSi Tovli iseTi aris,

rom ar xerxdeba gaReba karis...”

  1. “daxuWuli Tvalebi”:

“tba, lerwamiT Semosili,

gamWvirvale, rogorc mina,

TeTri TovliT daifara

unugeSod gaiyina”.

  1. “mesaflave”:

“xeebs yvavilT TeTri gundi

rogorc Tovli, ise awevs.”

  1. “Tvaluwvdeneli, dausabamo”:

“Tovlze dacemul sisxlis msgavsad mzis mRvrie rgoli,

 RrubelTa Soris inTqeboda sxivanaTrToli”.

  1. “qariT datirebuli”:

“Semdeg Tovli movida da,

viT suls motivtives,

SevaCvie sicive Cemi gulis sicives”.

  1. “Tovli”:

“me Zlier miyvars iisfer Tovlis

qalwulebiviT xididan fena...”

iqve:

“...magram me mudam memaxsovreba

Seni TovliviT mkrTali xelebi.

Zvirfaso! vxedav... vxedav Sens xelebs,

uRonod daxrils TovlTa dafnaSi”...

iqve:

“Tovs! aseTi dRis xarebam lurji

da daRaluli sizmriT damTova”.

  1. “aTovda zamTris baRebs”:

“aTovda zamTris baRebs,

mihqondaT Savi kubo

da Slida bairaRebs

Tmagawewili qari...”

  1. im atmebs gaumarjos,

   im atmis yvavilebs”:

“varskvlavebis Tovli cas Selekia,

mesmis rulSi rogorc yru elegia,

matareblis damRalavi xmauri,

raRac mRvrie, raRac ar-aqauri”

  1. “ramdenime dRe petrogradSi”:

“daeSva Tovli, frinveli libri,

bolodawyobil frTebis WaRariT

da ConCxebian xeebis jibri

dafara nabdiT nayaCaRariT”.


                         monasteri

                      (taZari, lavra)

fsevdo-dionise areopageli adamians “Sezavebuls” uwodebda. galaktionis leqsSi “Sexvedra” aseT striqonebs vxvdebiT:

“mainc ZvelTan SedarebiT

cis damiwis Sezaveba,

mogonebis netarebiT

Cems guls enaTesaveba”.

bunebrivia, ar vgulisxmob pirdapir kavSirsa Tu analogias, magram “cis da miwis Sezavebis” erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi qveyniuri gamoxatuleba swored taZaria. am saxes uamravjer vxvdebiT msoflio poeziaSi da mas sakmaod bevri simboluri mniSvneloba aqvs: WeSmaritebis, siyvarulis, RvTiurobis, gamorCeulobis, monaniebis, RmerTTan ziarebis, erTmorwmuneTa krebulis, sulierebis, mosvenebis, zeciuri cxovrebis, wuTisoflis mRelvare okeaneSi gadamrCeneli navis...

ramdenime magaliTi galaktionis poeziidan:

1.   “hamletis qnariT”:

amaoa mTlad cxovreba,

drtvinvis wuTisofelia,

wadi...wadi monasterSi,

monasterSi, ofelia!

tkbili nana suls uTxari,

ubedoba xats aCvene,

damaSvrali suli, guli

monasterSi moasvene!”

2.   “koSki”:

ingreva koSki siyvaruliT aSenebuli,

viT Zveli romi, an bagratis koSki-taZari...”

3.   ”silaJvarde anu vardi silaSi”:

RamenaTevi da namTvralevi

me miveyrdnobi salocav karebs,

SemoiWreba sionSi sxivi da TeTr olarebs aaelvarebs”.

4.   “ramdenime dRe petrogradSi”:

“da roca cecxlSi qanaobs lavra,

brmebis Tunuqebs texen loTebi,

lavraSi locva ver davamTavre

da

kalugisken gzebs velodebi”.

5.   “cxraas Tvrameti”:

qarni ar hqrian. TrTian xeebi.

gaTenebul cas rTaven lavrebi

da magondeba mware dReebi _

CemTa xetialT Tanamgzavrebi”.

6.   “poezia_upirveles yovlisa!”

“…marad manTebs Suqi sveticxovlisa…...…”

                             gveli

tradiciuli simboluri mniSvnelobebia:

boroteba, veragoba, sibrZne...

galaktioni am mniSvnelobebsac iyenebs da originalursac.

  1. usaTauro (“gmarTebs tirili da cremlTafrqveva...”)

“daswviT, dasdageT ocnebis ferfli,

boroti gvelis msxverpli xar, msxverpli”.

  1. “es mZinare mTa da veli”:

“mwuxarebav, rogor gveli

 xSirad gulSi gamiar...”

gveli_boroteba moulodneli ar aris galaktionis poeziisaTvis _ ”xanma undobarma” wamebisTvis gawira geniosi poeti. sxva mravalTagan sakmarisia gavixsenoT galaktionis oriode striqoni:

“gaudaburda Cemi yofnis yoveli wami” (“meris TvalebiT”) da

“sadme yru adgils davesaxlebi

sxva saukunis mgzavri gviani,

sadac iqneba cofi naklebi

da ufro nakleb adamiani”.

  1. “aRmosavleTi”:

“kldeebi sicxisgan skdebian Suaze,

rRvevis da simwaris moismis xaTqani,

gvelebi grovebad acurdnen ruaze,

yvelaze boroti ki, erTi maTgani,

gadawba mzisaken cqeraSi garTuli,

es mzera awvalebs mzes, rogorc genia,

da vigrZen , am TvalSi Tu raodenia

sibrZne warmarTuli...”

ra aris es? ragvari sibrZnea?

miwieri sibrZne? Tu drois siRrmidan “amoxedva” sakuTari Tavis? an iqneb adamianis “gamosvla” misi tradiciuli dro-sivrculi dasazRvrulobidan (“es mzera awvalebs mzes”...)? an iqneb poets imis Tqma surs, rom sibrZne erTia da odindeli _ droTa ganmavlobaSi ki is mxolod “civiluri” xdeba?

...gveli Sescqeris mzes.

amis axsna mravalmxriv SeiZleba, magram auxsneloba iqneb yvelaze upriani iyos. xSirad saxelis darqmeva SezRudvasa da dakninebasac niSnavs _ erTi saxelis arCeva (wvdoma? mixvedra? ) sxva saxelTa darqmevis (wvdomis? mixvedris?) SesaZleblobas gvarTmevs TiTqos.

  1. “uecari qalaqi”:

“iq iSlebian TeTrad nagebi

obeliskebis neli Sveneba,

iq aimarTnen sxva qalaqebi,

mTebs rom gveliviT SeeSeneba”.

  1. “fragmenti”:

“miyvars, roca xmas iZleva

mogriale xevis wyali,

gveliviT rom SeuWria

moRuSuli dariali”.

                     martooba, obloba

didad gamorCeuloba did simartovesac niSnavda imTaviTve. amasTan, es gamorCeuloba, sxvaze aRmatebuloba, niWierebis garda, sulisa da gonebis titanur Zalisxmevasa da muSaobas moiTxovda yovelTvis, rac, Tavisi arsiT, umTavresad, individualuria - sakuTar TavTan ganmartoebasa da pirovnul arsTan erTi erTze darCenas gulisxmobs. martod darCena, sulieri obloba sxva uamrav mizezsac icnobs: suliT znesruli kaci uzneo sazogadoebaSi, RmerTze da srulqmnilebaze dafiqrebuli adamiani, ubralod amis mosurne pirovneba, kaci, romelic didebis mwvervals aRwevs, usiyvarulod darCenili an iseTi kaci, romlisac ar esmiT...

mizezi uamravi SeiZleba iyos _ Sedegia erTi.

Martoobac, albaT, sxvadasxvagvaria, magram geniosebi erTsaxovnad arian martoni. zogjer isini TavianTi SemoqmedebiT sakuTar “sxva mes” qmnian da masTan Tu masSi arseboben _ didi adamianebi, didi Semoqmedni arasdros arian “absoluturad martoni” _ iseve rogorc RmerTi, romelmac “sxvad qmna” Tavisi Tavi da Seqmna samyaro, romelSi “hgies ukunisamde”.

xom erTi sityvaa martooba, galaktionTan is aTasgvarad cnobierdeba.

  1. usaTauro (“odesRac, sadRac, martoobaSi...”)

“odesRac, sadRac, martoobaSi

guliT amomskda simRera wynari,

Cemi simRera qviTini iyo,

suliT oblobas kvnesoda qnari”.

  1. “sad”:

   “visac siyrmiTve me Tayvans vcemdi,

    yvela momcilda, yvela wavida”.

  1. “udabno”:

“siymawvileSi me vWknebodi,

rogorc foToli,

oboli viyav me maSinac,

suliT oboli...”

  1. “koSki”

“dgas daqanculi, gaZarcvuli, uiaraRo

yvelasTvis ucxo da yvelasTvis gaugebari”.

  1. “Seni sadRegrZelo”:

“kafeSi Seval sruliad marto

da ors avivseb sasmeliT Wiqas,

erTi Senia (unda vidardo

asec da isec, aqac da iqac).

Sens sadRegrZelos Cumad CamZaxebs

Wianurebi, vsvam: alaverdi!

magram Sens Wiqas xels arvin axlebs,

pasuxs ar maZlevs xmaTa xaverdi.

da gafiTrebul sarkeSi mcuravs

es mwuxareba vin damifasos?

me geubnebi ase samduravs,

magram Sen mainc ar maZlev pasuxs”.

galaktionisTvis martooba TiTqmis yovelTvis Tu ara, xSirad mainc gulisxmobs “meores”, idealur “partniors arsebobaSi” da Tumca poeti “sevdiT daiRala” (“daxuWuli Tvalebi”) da “ar aris arsad bedniereba” (“avdris molodini”), im meoris arseboba Tu naocnebari molodini martoobasac gasaZliss xdis.

  1. im “meores” pirovnuli (Tu zepirovnuli) saxis garda, zogjer mSobeli qveynis saxec aqvs, oRond saqarTvelo am momentSi ise unda warmovidginoT, rogorc galaktioni ityoda: “samSoblo mxare me burusSi win mexateba:

adamiani zecas Sexaris (“cixis nangrevebTan”)

“cixis nangrevebTan”:

“mxolod Sens xsovnas, Cems saSinel martoobaSi,

me ar gadavcvli sxva netar wamze...”

ერთ კარგ ფილმში იერუსალიმის დამცველ მამაც რაინდს კითხვაზე "რა არის შენთვის იერუსალიმი?" სალადინი ასე უპასუხებს: "არაფერი... და ყველაფერი!"  იგივე პასუხი მოუხდებოდა ასეთ კითხვასაც: "რანი არიან ეს სახეები გალაკტიონის პოეზიისთვის?"


დიდი მადლობა ამ თემისთვის, ძალიან საინტერესო, კარგად გაგებული და გადმოცემულია. სრულად ვეთანხმები და ვიაზიარებ თქვენს ამ დამოკიდებულებას.

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